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Eczema

Margaret Lubega, MD -  - Pediatrician

First Pediatric Care Center

Margaret Lubega, MD

Pediatrician located in Gastonia, NC

Over nine million Americans under the age of 18 suffer from red, itchy skin as the result of eczema. If your child’s itching is out of control, Dr. Margaret Lubega offers comprehensive diagnosis and treatment services for eczema at First Pediatric Care Center in Gastonia, North Carolina. Although eczema has no cure, Dr. Lubega offers a variety of treatment options to alleviate the discomfort and inflammation of eczema. To learn more, schedule an appointment online or by calling the office.

Eczema

What is eczema?

Eczema is a skin condition common in children that causes the skin to become itchy, red, and inflamed. Several types of eczema affect children, including:

Atopic dermatitis: the most common type of eczema that usually appears in children between the ages of six months and five years, but goes away as children get older

Contact dermatitis: a skin reaction resulting from substances you touch, such as metal or chemicals

Seborrheic dermatitis: also known as cradle cap, the condition generally affects your scalp causing scaly patches and persistent dandruff

Eczema isn’t contagious, and your child isn’t at increased risk for developing the condition being around others who have it.

What causes eczema?

The exact reason children develop eczema isn’t understood, but there may be a link to genetics, allergies, and other environmental triggers in eczema outbreaks. These triggers cause the body’s immune system to react abnormally, causing skin inflammation and itchiness.

Common triggers of eczema outbreaks include:

  • Dry skin
  • Sweating
  • Infections

Allergens, such as pollen and pet dander, are common triggers for eczema in children.

What are the symptoms of eczema?

Common symptoms of eczema include:

  • Skin inflammation
  • Dry and itchy skin
  • Cracked or scaly skin
  • Increased skin sensitivity
  • Red or brownish skin patches

You may also notice small, raised bumps on your child’s arms, elbows, knees, or face. These itchy bumps may also leak fluid when your child scratches at them.

How is eczema diagnosed?

Dr. Lubega often can diagnose eczema by examining your child’s skin during an outbreak. She may order additional tests to rule out other conditions, such as skin infections, that can cause similar symptoms.

What treatment options are available for eczema?

There is no cure for eczema, but it’s possible for your child to live a happy life and keep the condition under control. It can help to identify the triggers that cause your child’s outbreaks, so they can avoid the things that cause flare-ups.

Initially, Dr. Lubega may suggest frequent baths to reduce irritants on the skin. She may also recommend a high-quality moisturizer to prevent dry skin.

If severe inflammation and itchiness disrupt your child’s routine, it may be necessary to use prescription or over-the-counter topical or oral medications to alleviate symptoms.

It may take several tries to find a treatment that works effectively in managing eczema outbreaks. Even with treatment, flare-ups can return.

For more information, read more at the American Academy of Pediatrics